Figure 3.8

Over-Wintering Population, Southern Avalon, 1735-1857 (Five-Year Intervals) - Planter Group and Servants

Notes: As there were incomplete reportings in some years up to 1825, an interval slightly shorter or longer than five years has sometimes been used to provide a more accurate reflection of the population; after 1825, the intervals in the chart range from nine to twelve years in accordance with the census years. Note that these figures exclude personnel in the ship, bye-boat, and bank fisheries, which were reported under separate categories in the CO 194 returns; these designations had lapsed altogether by the taking of the 1836 census.

1735�Petty Harbour included in return for Bay Bulls.

1740�No return for St. Mary's, but numbers would have been fairly low at this point.

1779�375 mistresses were reported for Bay Bulls, obviously in error. The number 75 is more in line with the number of masters in the harbour and has been used in tallying the total for this figure.

1810�Data for Bay Bulls were not reported, so I have estimated averages from the 1809 and 1811 returns.

1836�Numbers of servants were over-reported for individual communities of Ferryland district; there was obviously an overlap in reporting some residents as both masters/mistresses and servants, for their combined numbers exceed total population figures and combined totals of religious denominations for the district. (The latter two do correspond.) There is a separate total of servants in the Abstract at the end of the census which does tally with the other totals, and this is the number that has been used here. No separate summer/winter breakdown appears in census data for 1836, 1845, and 1857.

1845�A total of 211 servants were reported for Ferryland district, but not differentiated by sex or community.

1857�A total of 141 servants were reported for Ferryland district, but not differentiated by sex or community. Also, age categories shifted in this census�the most significant, for current purposes, being that the category "under 14" was replaced by a category "under 10."

Sources: CO 194 Series, Governors' Annual Returns of the Fisheries and Inhabitants at Newfoundland, 1735�1825; and Newfoundland Population Returns, 1836, 1845, and 1857.