Index

N.B.: The locators in this index refer to chapter number and paragraph number, separated by a period. When a locator points to the preface or introduction, it will take the form of pref. 8 or intro. 22. Locators pointing to endnotes consist of chapter number and endnote number, separated by n or nn.

When counting paragraphs in the text, block quotations are counted as part of the paragraph. If a paragraph resumes after a block quotation, it, too, is counted as part of a single paragraph, even if the block includes indented paragraphs. Epigraphs and headings are not counted.


Acid. See LSD

Alpert, Richard, intro. 2, 2.45

Amazing Dope Tales, 4n1

America Needs Indians (Stuart Brand), 2.23

Anarchism, intro. 10. See also Counterculture; Diggers

Anderson, Chester, 2.22

Artists' Liberation Front, 1.2, 1.10

Astral Continental Congress. See The Caravan

Attachment theory, 5.53, 5n65

Bailey, Beth, pref. 9, 3.15, 4.62

Bargar, Peter, 5.47, 5.48

Bates, Albert, 5n18, 6.82

Becker, Howard, 4n16

Bederman, Gail, 2.19

Beinfield, Harriet, 3.46

Berg, Judy. See Goldhaft, Judy

Berg, Peter, 1n57, 2.12–13, 3.7, 3.18–19

Berger, John, 3.68

Berman, Marshall, pref. 7

Billings Ovulation Method, 6.21, 6n15

Black Bear Ranch (Free Families commune), 1.76, 3.45, 3.49, 3.60

  • homosexuality, views of members on, 3.56, 3.61, 3n56
  • organization of, 3.69
  • sexual-revolutionary politics at, 3.61
  • radical feminism, influence of, 3.61
  • "Red Guard" faction, 3.61
  • "smash monogamy" campaign, 3.61; see also 3n63

Black Man's Free Store, 1.66, 2.21

Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, 1.66. See also Counterculture; Diggers

Black Power movement, 6.54, 6n46

Blasenheim, Nina, 3.38, 3.39

Blue Unicorn Café (San Francisco), 1.19

Bonding, male, 2.43, 2n42

Bowen, Michael, intro. 2, 1.2, 1.16, 1.58, 2.47–48

Boydston, Jeanne, 3n23

Brand, Stuart, 2.23

Buber, Martin, 6.69

Buddhism

Butcher, Brooks, 1.64, 3.6

Cándida Smith, Richard, 1.32, 1.41

Caravan, The (Gaskin speaking tour), 4.69–82

  • as "Astral Continental Congress," 4.70
  • arrests during, 4.73
  • childbirth as sacrament, 4.77–79
  • as community-on-wheels, 4.72
  • comportment, initial rules of, 4.72
    governance structure, evolution of, 4.74
    sexual division of labor of, 4.74–75
  • and The Farm, 4.80–82
  • LSD, renunciation of sacramental status during, 4.73
  • marriage as sacrament, 4.76
  • origins, 4.69–70

Carroll, T. C., 5.11

Catholic Worker movement, intro. 26

Cavallo, Dominick, intro. 31, 2.29, 3.21

"Centerwomen" (concept: Sacks), 3n68

Charisma, 3.3, 6.72

Coalescence, cultural (Ruiz), intro. n28

Cohen, Allen, 1.28–29, 1.30, 1.58, fig. 1.1

Cohon, Peter. See Coyote, Peter

Committee on Public Safety (COPS; Berkeley), 3.70, 3n16, 3n73

Communal consciousness (Cott), 6.49

Communalism, American, historiography of, intro. n31, 3n52

Communication Company (com/co), 2.22

Communitas (Turner), 3.79–80

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 6.50

Connell, R. W., intro. 52, 2.38

Consensus, cold-war (concept), intro. 37–38

Cooperative Method of Natural Birth Control (Nofziger), 6.22–23

Cooptation, 1n43

Cordette, Barbara (pseud.), 5.54, 5n95

Cott, Nancy F., intro. 6, 6.49

Council for a Summer of Love in the City of San Francisco, 1.63

Counterculture. See also Buddhism; Diggers; Farm, The; Hippie (term); Masculinity, countercultural; New Deal order

Coyote (Cohon), Peter

  • anarchism, Digger, reappraisal of, 3.78, 3.81

  • father (Morris Cohon), relations with, 3.12

  • free stores, Digger, participation in, 1.42, 1.46

  • on gender equality in Diggers, Free Families, 3.50–53

  • on masculinity, white, Diggers' repudiation of, 2.16, 2n14

  • on monogamy, 3.57

  • nickname, 3n13

  • as "patriarch" of Olema commune, 3.23

  • radicalization of, in San Francisco Mime Troupe, 1.7

  • on Ringolevio (Grogan memoir), veracity of, 2n30

  • status relative to other Diggers and members of Free Families, 1.76, 3.12–14, 3.16, 3.23, 3.39

Davis, R. G., intro. 11, 1.6–9. See also San Francisco Mime Troupe

Deloria, Philip, 2.30

Derepression, pref. 7–10, 2.20, 3.15, 3.56, 3.61

Diggers. See also Free City Collective; Free Families; and headings for individual members

Doss, Erika, 2.20

Douglas, Emory (member, Black Panther party), 1n68

Doyle, Michael William, intro. n13, 3.47

Dylan, Bob, 1.1

Echols, Alice, intro. n19, 2.17–18

Ecovillage Training Center (Summertown, Tenn.), 6.82

Eugene (Farm resident), 6.42

Evans, Dale, 5.49

Ewing, Eileen, 1.64, 3.26–27, 3.33

  • on jealousy in Free Families, 3.62–64
  • on labor, sexual division of, in Free Families, 3.38–44

Eyer, Diane E., 5n65

Farm, The (Summertown, Tenn.). See also Caravan, The; Gaskin, Ina May; Gaskin, Stephen

Farnham, Marynia, 2.3–4

Female consciousness (Kaplan), 6.49

Feminism distinguished in historical evidence (Kerber), 6.49. See also Radical feminism

"Four-marriage" (term), 4.40

Frank, Thomas, 1n43

Fraser, Steve, intro. n44, intro. n48

Free City Collective (FCC), intro. 16, 1.69–75. See also Diggers; Free Families; and names of individual members.

  • activism, scope of, 1.70
  • Civic Center Plaza, activities at, 1.73
  • Digger Papers, 1.75
  • disintegration of, 1.74–76
  • and Free Bank, 1.71
  • Free City Planning Conference, 1.72
  • gender, operative presumptions about, 3.25–29
  • labor, sexual division of, 3.38–39
  • name of group, origins of, 1.69
  • and Runaway Emergency Conference, 1.71
  • San Francisco Enters Eternity happening, 1.74

Free Families. See also Diggers; Free City Collective; and headings for individual communes

Freeman, Joshua B., 5.39

Fritsch, Bill ("Sweet William Tumbleweed"), 1.61, 1.64, 1.67, 1.76, 2.12, 2.24, 3.5, 3.8–10, 3.34, 3.35, 3n4

Gaskin, Ina May

Gaskin, Stephen. See also Caravan, The; Farm, The

Gender. See also Connell, R. W.; Counterculture; Diggers; Farm, The; Free City Collective; Free Families; Gaskin, Stephen; Masculinity, American; Masculinity, countercultural; Primitive communism

Gerstle, Gary, intro. 38, intro. n44

Ginsberg, Allen, intro. 1–2, intro. 13, 2.36

Ginzberg, Lori D., 2.1–2, 6.68

Gleason, Ralph, 1.2

Glide Memorial United Methodist Church (San Francisco), 1.59, 4.49

Goldhaft (Berg), Judy, 1.5, 1.42, 1.55, 1.62, 1.76, 1n57, 3.19, 3.31, 3.33, 3.35, 3.47, 3.48, 3n21, 3n45

Gottlieb, Lou, 1.47

Greenberg, Gail ("Geba"), 3.33, 3.46

Grogan, Emmett, 3.18 See also Coyote, Peter; Diggers; Free City Collective

"Group head," 4.20, 4.37, 4.80, 5.19, 5.30, 5n39

Gypsy Truckers, 3.43

Haight-Ashbury district (San Francisco), 1.18–19, fig. intro. 2

Haight-Ashbury Flashbacks (S. Gaskin), 4.1, 4.10–12.

Haight Independent Proprietors (HIP), intro. 12, intro. 13, 1.58, 1.59–63 passim, 2.32, 2.34–36, 2.46–50, 2.52

Happenings (artistic medium), 1.48. See also Diggers

Hell's Angels, 1.56, 1.66, 3.10, 3.14, 3.42. See also Diggers

Hey, Beatnik! This Is the Farm Book, 5.1, 5.26, 5.36, 6.16, 6.48, 6.52. See also the advisory on page-number assignment, 4n3

Heywood, Angela, 3.58

Hilliard, David (member, Black Panther party), 2.21

Hippie (term), intro. n13, 1.19, 1.22

Human Be-In, A Gathering of the Tribes for, intro. 1–14, 1.58, fig. intro. 1

Hunnicutt, Linda, 5.72

Huxley, Aldous, 4.27

Identity politics, 6.54, 6n46

Ikler, Rose Lee, 3.69

International Society for Krishna Consciousness, intro. 49, intro. n64

Jefferson Airplane, 1.1, 1.24

Jenkins, Peter, 5.13, 5n16

Jónasdóttir, Anna G., 3.53

Juster, Susan, 4.10

Kachel, Arthur, 4.65–66, 194. See also the advisory on page-number assignment, 4n2.

Kamen, Paula, 3.74

Kandel, Lenore, 1.58, 1.67, 3.8, 3.9–10 passim

  • on non-monogamy, ethics of, 3.59
  • on women's work and femininity, 3.32
  • status among Diggers, 3.33, 3n9

Kaplan, Temma, 6.49

Kennell, John H., 5.54

Kern, Louis J., 5.74, 5n95, 6.47, 6.65, 6n15

Kesey, Ken, 1.22, 1.24, 1.25, 1n26, 4.19–22 passim, 4.54

Kinal, Destiny, 3.47, 3.51

Klaski, Brian (pseud.), 5.45, 5.63, 5.73, 6.46

Klaski, Jean (pseud.), 6.25, 6.46

Klaus, Marshall H., 5.54

Laffan, Barry, 3.40, 3n1

Lanham, Richard, 5.47

Lapidus, Don, 5.1, 5n1, 6.8–10, 6.11

Lapidus, Patricia Mitchell, 5.1, 5.22, 5.32, 5n1, 6.8–10, 6.11

League for Spiritual Discovery (Leary), 1.31

Leary, Timothy, intro. 2, 1.2, 1.29, 1.31, 1n26, 2.45, 4.19, 4.21–22, 4.27, 4.54, 4n54

LeDoux, Pat, 5.49, 6.25

Lewis, David Levering, 2.18

Linda (Farm resident), 6.36

Linhart, Martín, 3.62

Little Bird (Pueblo), 2.24–27

Love Pageant Rally, 1.58

LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide, "acid") intro. 7, intro. 47, intro. n9, 1.22, 1.27, 1.29–32, 1.58, 1n26, 4.18–23. See also Counterculture; Gaskin, Stephen; Huxley, Aldous; Kesey, Ken; Leary, Timothy

Lundberg, Ferdinand, 2.3

McBride, David, intro. 33, intro. 43, 1n33

McKibbon, Mike, intro. 14

McLuhan, Marshall, intro. 30, 1.50

McMahon, Anthony, 3.53

Mahoney, Timothy R., 3.17, 3n10

Male continence, 4n62

Manhood act (concept; Stoltenberg), 2.38–43, 2n40, 3n15, 6.69. See also Bonding, male; Diggers

Marcuse, Herbert, pref. 8, 1n43

Marijuana users, socialization of, 4n16

Marley, Elsa, 3.33

Marley, Richard, 1.77, 3.33, 3.69

Masculinity (usage), intro. 54

Masculinity, American. See also Manhood act; Murcott, Billy; Sexual division of labor; Women, American

Masculinity, countercultural. See also Counterculture; Diggers; Farm, The; Free City Collective; Free Families

Materialism, feminist, 3.53, 3n55

Maternal deprivation theory (attachment theory), 5.54, 5n65

Meditation, 5.37–38

Millett, Kate, 6.54

Minault, Kent, 1.42, 3.39

Mitchell, Patricia. See Lapidus, Patricia Mitchell

Mona (Farm resident), 6.42

Monday Night Class, 4.12, 4.51, 4.53, 4n54, 5.27

Mondo (Buddhist practice), 4.50

Monkerud, Don, 3.63

Monroe, Harry, 2.36

Morning Star, Estrella (street name of Black Bear resident), 3.62

Morning Star Ranch, intro. 26, 1.47

Murcott, Billy, 1.3, 2.12, 2.45, 2.48, 3.12

  • Berg, Peter, rivalry with, 3.7
  • on family, American, 3.58
  • free food, participation in, 1.36, 1.64, 3.34
  • during Hunter's Point rebellion, 1.16
  • on manhood, anarchist, 3.58, 3.78
  • on manhood, straight, 2.26
  • on monogamy, 3.58, 3.65
  • "Mutants Commune," 1.68
  • post-Digger activities, 1.76
  • on religion, 1.32
  • significance as Digger theorist, 1.10, 3.7
  • "Take a Cop to Dinner," 1.13, 2.46–47

Mysticism, intro. 18. See also Counterculture; Diggers; Farm, The; Gaskin, Stephen; Human Be-In

"Natural Suzanne." See Riffia, Siena

Nature (concept) intro. n5

"New Age Brotherhood" (pseud.; Ilse Martin), 5.70

New Deal order (Fraser and Gerstle), intro. 38

Nofziger, Margaret [Gaskin], 1.20, 5.51, 5.61, 6.22–23

Noyes, John Humphrey, 4n62, 5n78

O'Gorman, Cara, 6.27

Olema (Free Families commune), 3.22–23, 3.41–45, 3.49, 3.62, 3.65, 3.66, 3.80, 3n23

Parker, Pam, 1.64

Patriarchal dividend (concept), 3.53. See also Farm, The; Free Families

Peace Roots Alliance, 6.82

Pfaffenberger, Bryan, 5.56, 5.76, 6.58, 6.62

Plenty. See Farm, The, and Plenty

Potter, Paul, 2.39–40, 2n37

Primitive communism

  • and gender equality, 3.51
  • historiography of modern, 3n25, 3n52

Psychedelic Shop, intro. 49, 1.2, 1.25, 1.31, 1.58, 1.63, 1.70, 2.16, 2.23, 3.38

Radical feminism, intro. 19, intro. 20, intro. 52, intro. n22, 3n63, 5n68, 6.52, 6.54–55, 6.83 6n46, 6n56

Rashomon effect, 3.43, 5.32, 5.43. See also Farm, The, population of, "generations," emergence of

Ratzinger, Joseph, 6.50

Red House (Free Families commune), 3.38–40, 3.45, 3.61, 3.63

Repressive hypothesis (Foucault), pref. 9

Rhine, Gary, 6.11, 6.12, 6.13, 6.77, 6.82

Riffia, Siena ("Natural Suzanne"), 1.64, 2.24, 2.27, 3.21

Rinaldi, Joanna, 3.38, 3.39, 3.47, 3.52, 3.64

Rinaldi, Vinnie, 3.2, 3.39, 3.64, 3n2

Rossinow, Doug, intro. 57, 4.55, 4n57

Roszak, Theodore, pref. 5

Rothchild, John, 5.40

Rudolph (Farm resident), 6.32–34

Ruiz, Vicki L., intro. n28

Sacks, Karen Brodkin, 3n68

San Francisco Mime Troupe, intro. 11, 1.5–9

San Francisco Oracle, intro. 2, intro. 12, intro. 49, intro. n3, 1.2, 1.28–32, 2.44–45, 3.30, 3.71

Sanders, Homer, 5.7–8, 5.14, 5n8

Santana, Joanne, 5.41, 5n84, 6.25

Santana, William, 5.41, 6.25

Sasaki, Ruth Fuller, 4.12

Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur, 2.4–5

School for Living, 1.26

Sender, Ramón, 1.25, 1.47

Sexual division of labor. See Diggers; Farm, The; Free City Collective; Free Families; Masculinity, American.

Sexual Freedom League, pref. 9, 1.19

Sexual revolution, 3.15. See also Diggers; Free Families; Gaskin, Stephen

Shiloh Farms, 5.70

Sinclair, John, intro. n26, 1.75

Sinclair, Leni, intro. n26

Smith, Richard Cándida. See Cándida Smith, Richard

Snyder, Gary, intro. 1, intro. 2, intro. 13, 2.16

Spiritual Midwifery, 5.26, 5.54, 5.57, 5.62, 5n95, 6.35, 6.37, 6.41, 6.48

Spock, Benjamin, intro. 31

Stanley, Augustus Owsley, intro. 3, intro. 10, 4.21

Stevens, Jay, 4.21–22

Stevenson, Doug, 6.30

Stoltenberg, John, 2.39–42 passim, 2n40

Tailhook scandal, 2.41, 2n39

Tantra, intro. n11, 4n60, 6.41

Thelin, Jay, intro. 49, 1.2, 1.13, 1.28, 1.31, 1.58, 1.63, 1.70, 2.28

Thelin, Marsha, 3.38, 3.40

Thelin, Ron, intro. 49, 1.2, 1.13, 1.28, 1.58, 1.63, 1.70, 2.16, 2.28, 3.38, 3.40

Todd, Charlotte, 1.3

Tolstoy Farm (Davenport, Wash.), intro. 26

Traugot, Michael, 4.72

Turkey Ridge (Free Families commune), 3.44, 3.45, 3.52, 3.61, 3.63, 3.78

Turner, Victor, intro. 52, 3.79–80, 4.20

Twin Oaks Community (Louisa, Va.), 6.71

Veysey, Laurence, intro. 18, 6.72

Weather Underground, 3n63

Wheeler, Kay Marie, 5.24, 5.25, 5.71

Wheeler Ranch, intro. 26

Wildflower, Leni, intro. n26

Willard Street (Free Families) commune, 1.76

William (Farm resident), 6.36–37

Wilner, Phyllis, 1.56–57, 1.64, 1n3, 3.16

Women, American. See also Counterculture; Farm, The; Free Families; Kandel, Lenore; Masculinity, American

Woolf, Virginia, 6.83

Wylie, Philip, 2.3–4

Yinger, J. Milton, pref. 5

Youth culture, scholarly interpretation of, 1n25

^top