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Manuscript Sources


Archivo General de Indias (Seville)

Sección de la Audiencia de Panamż 19, 31, 53, 65, 83, 95, 96, 99, 101, 109, 127, 130, 159-167, 181-182, 184, 204, 215, 222, 255, 260, 305, 306, 307, 361

Sección de la Audiencia de Santa Fe 255

Archivo Histórico Nacional (Madrid)

Consejos Suprimidos, Legajo numero 20647


Archivo Histórico Nacional (Bogotż)

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National Library of Scotland (Edinburgh)

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MSS of the Company of Scotland in fifty volumes, comprising subscription books, journals, ledgers, cash books, minute books, lists of goods shipped, lists of expenses, and miscellaneous papers

The Royal Bank of Scotland (Edinburgh)

MS Journal of the Court of Directors


Public Record Office (London)

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Locke MSS

United States

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(no. CO689) Paul Rycaut Letterbook, volume 2

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Analectica Scotica: Collections Illustrative of the Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Literary History of Scotland. (Chiefly from Original MSS). Edinburgh: Thomas G. Stevenson, 1834.

de Arosemena, M. A., ed. "Noticia de la Provincia del Darién: Copia que se saco de unos papeles Antiguos que envio al Sr. Virrey en el año de 1789 el Conde de Real Agrado." part I, Hombre y Cultura 2, no. 5 (1974): 143-157; part II, Hombre y Cultura 3, no. 2 (1977): 155-162.

Burton, J. H., ed. The Darién Papers. Edinburgh: Bannantyne Society, 1849.

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Chenu, J. "Pacification des indiens Cunas: Rapport de Don Jaime Navarro, copie manuscrite de 1774." Jahrbuch fur Geschichte von Staat, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft Lateinamerikas 12 (1975): 167-210.

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Dalrymple, J. Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 vols. Edinburgh: A. Kincaid, J. Bell and J. Balfour, 1771, 1773.

Fortescue, J. W., ed. Calendar of State Papers Preserved in the Public Record Office, Colonial series, America and West Indies, vol. X, 15 May 1696-31 Oct. 1697.

Harly, W. J., ed. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic series, of the reign of William III, 1 Jan. to 31 Dec. 1697.

Historical Manuscripts Commission, 14th Report, new series. Manuscripts of the House of Lords 1695-1697. London: His Majesty's Stationers Office, 1903.

Howe, J., J. Sherzer, and N. M. Chapin, eds. Cantos y oraciones del congreso Cuna. Panamá: Editorial Universitaria de Panamá, 1980.

Insh, G. P., ed. Papers Relating to the Ships and Voyages of the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies, 1696-1707. Edinburgh: Scottish History Society, 1924.

Jameson, J. F., ed. Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period: Illustrative Documents. New York: Macmillan, 1923.

Nutall, Z., ed. New Light on Drake. London: Hakluyt Society, 1914.

Ortega Ricaurte, E., ed. História documental del Chocó. Bogotá: Editorial Kelly, 1954.

Requejo Salcedo, J. Relación histórica y geografíca de la Provincia de Panamá año 1640. Ed. M. Serrano Sanz. Madrid: Libreria General de Victoriano Suarez, 1908.

Spencer, J. J., ed. "Some Darién Letters." Scottish Historical Review 11 (1914): 404-408.

Villalba, M. García de. "Descripción de la provincia del Darién a norte y sur medios de poblarla al sur y discurso reflexivo sobre la conquista." Anuario Colombiano de História Social y de la Cultura 3 (1965): 135-154.

Wallace, Dr. "Part of a Journal Kept from Scotland to New Caledonia in Darién, with a short account of that Country." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 22 (1700): 536-542.

Wassén, H., ed. "An Anonymous Spanish Manuscript from 1739 on the Province of Darién: A Contribution to the Colonial History and Ethnography of Panamá and Colombia." Etnologiska Studier 10 (1940): 80-146.

Wright, I., ed. Spanish Documents Concerning English Voyages to the Caribbean, 1527-68. London: Hakluyt Society, 1929.

___. Documents Concerning English Voyages to the Spanish Main, 1569-80. London: Hakluyt Society, 1932.

___. Further English Voyages to Spanish America. London: Hakluyt Society, 1951.

Zaragoza, J. Piraterías y agresiones de los ingleses y de otros pueblos de Europa en la América española desde el siglo XVI al XVIII deducidas de las obras de d. Dionisio de Alsedo y Herrera. Madrid: Manuel G. Hernández, 1883.

Contemporary Pamphlets and Texts

de Alcedo, Antonio. Diccionario geográfico histórico de las Indias occidentales o América. 5 vols. Madrid: Benito Cano, 1786-1789.

Anon. An Enquiry into the Causes of the Miscarriage of the Scots Colony at Darian: or an Answer to a Libel Entitled A Defense of the Scots Abdicating Darién. Glasgow: n.p., 1700.

Anon. An Exact List of all the Men, Women, and Boys that Died on Board the Indian and African Company's Fleet, during their voyage from Scotland to America, and Since their Landing at Caledonia.... Edinburgh: George Mosman, 1699.

Anon. A Full and Exact Collection of all the Considerable Addresses, Memorials, Petitions, Answers, Proclamations, Declarations, Letters and Other Publick Papers Relating to the Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies, since the passing of the Act of Parliament by which the said company was established in June 1695, till November 1700. London: n.p., 1700.

Anon. The History of Caledonia: or, The Scots Colony in Darién in the West Indies. With an account of the manners of the inhabitants and the riches of the countrey. By a Gentleman lately arrived. London: John Nutt, 1699.

Anon. A Just and Modest Vindication of the Scots Design, for the having established a colony at Darién.... Edinburgh: n.p., 1699.

Anon. A Letter, Giving a Description of the Isthmus of Darian (Where the Scots Colony is Now Settled); from a Gentleman who lives there at present…. Edinburgh: John Mackie, 1699.

Anon. A Short Account From, and Description of the Isthmus of Darién, Where the Scots Colony are Settled. Edinburgh: John Vallange, 1699.

Anon. [Lord Belhaven?] A Defense of the Scots Settlement at Darién, with an Answer to the Spanish Memorial Against it and Arguments to Prove, that it is the Interest of England to join with the Scots and protect it.... Edinburgh: n.p., 1699.

Ayres, P., ed. The Voyages and Adventures of Capt. Barth. Sharp and others, in the South Sea. London: B.W. for R.H. and S.T., 1684.

Blackwell, I. A Description of the Province and Bay of Darian: Giving a Full Account of all it's Situation, Inhabitants, Way and Manner of Living and Religion, Solemnities, and Product; Being Vastly Rich in Gold and Silver.... Edinburgh: Heirs and Successors of Andrew Anderson, 1699.

Borland, F. Memoirs of Darién, giving a short description of that Countrey, with an account of the Company of Scotland, to Settle a Colonie in that Place. With a Relation of some of the many Tragical Disasters , which did attend the Design ... Written mostly in the year 1700, while the Author was in the American regions. Glasgow: Hugh Brown, 1714.

Boureau Deslandes, A. F. Essai sur la marine et sur le commerce par Mr. D****. avec des remarques historiques et critiques de l'auteur. Amsterdam: Franéois Changuion, 1743.

Dampier, W. A New Voyage Around the World. London: Printed for James Knapton, 1697.

___. A New Voyage Around the World. Edited by A. Gray. London: Argonaut Press, 1927.

Elliott Joyce, L. E., ed. A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America, by Lionel Wafer. 1699. London: Hakluyt Society, 1933.

Exquemeling, A. O. The Buccaniers of America, or a True Account of their Most Remarkable Assaults ... Written originally in Dutch, by John Esquemeling, one of the Bucaniers ... The second edition, corrected and inlarged with two additional relations, viz the one of Captain Cook, and the other of Captain Sharp. Now faithfully rendered into English. London: Printed by William Crooke, 1684.

Ferguson, R. [?] A Just and Modest Vindication of the Scots Design, for the Having Established a Colony at Darién with a brief display, how much it is their interest to apply themselves to trade, and particularly to that which is foreign. n.p., 1699.

Gumilla, J. El orinoco ilustrado; história natural, civil, y geográfica de este gran río y de sus caudalosas vertientes: Govierno, usos, y costumbres de los Indios. Madrid: Manuel Fernández, 1741.

Harris, W. A Defense of the Scots Abdicating Darién, Including an Answer to the Defense of the Scots Settlement There. Edinburgh [?]: n.p., 1700.

___. The Defense of the Scots Settlement at Darién, Answered, Paragraph by Paragraph, by Philo-Britain. London: Booksellers of London and Westminster, 1699.

___. A Short Vindication of Phil-Scot's Defense of the Scots Abdicating Darién: Being in Answer to the Challenge of the Author of the Defense of the Settlement.... London: n.p., 1700.

Julián, A., S. J. La perla de la América, Provincia de Santa Marta, edición facsimilar. 1787. Bogotá: Academia Colombiana de História, 1980.

Meléndez, J. Tesoros verdaderos de las Indias: História de la Provincia de San Juan Bautista de Perú de la Orden de Predicadores. Rome: N. A. Tinassio, 1682.

Philo-Caledon. A Defense of the Scots Settlement at Darién, with an Answer to the Spanish Memorial Against it and Arguments to prove, that it is in the interest of England to join with the Scots, and protect it.... Edinburgh: n.p., 1699.

Recio, B., S.J. Compendiosar relación de la cristianidad de Quito, edicion, prologo, notas, y apéndices por el Padre Carlos Garcia Goldaraz, S.J. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1947.

Restrepo, V., ed. Viajes de Lionel Wafer al istmo del Darién (cuatro meses entre los indios), traducidos y anotados por Vicente Restrepo. Bogotá: Silvestre y Compañía, 1888.

Ringrose, B. The Buccaneers of America, The Second Volume Containing the Dangerous Voyage and Bold Attempts of Captain Bartholomew Sharp and Others ... From the Original Journal of the Said Voyage. London: William Crooke, 1685.

Saint Ignatius of Loyola. The Constitutions of the Society of Jesus. Translated by George E. Ganss, S.J. Rome: Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1970.

Smith, A. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. 1776. Edited by Edward Canaan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.

Wafer, L. A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America, and several coasts and islands in the West Indies ... Their Soil, Rivers, Harbours, Plants, Fruits, Animals, and Inhabitants. Their Customs, Religion, Government, Trade &c. London: James Knapton, 1699.

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The Door of the Seas and Key to the Universe